Interstate Online Gambling

Online poker is going to become a reality in the state of Michigan. Right now, it is just a matter of when. As the new industry looks to launch possibly by the end of this year, lawmakers are considering allowing interstate online gaming. Though the Interstate Wire Act has been re-interpreted to allow some forms of online gambling, the DoJ still claims that the Wire Act makes Internet sports gambling illegal. Passed in 1961, the Interstate Wire Act continues to have a massive impact on the US gambling market more than fifty years later.


A piece of legislation aiming to correct an erroneous omission in the 2019 onlinecasino gambling law by allowing interstate onlinepoker cleared the House Regulatory Reform Committee on Tuesday.


The bill, SB 991, would allow upcoming Michigan-sanctioned onlinepoker sites to pool their players in Michigan with their players in another state where the platform also offers onlinepoker, pending all regulatory approvals. The new law would allow the Michigan Gaming Control Board to enter into agreements for interstate onlinepoker. It would be up to the board, as the bill wouldn’t require the MGCB to do so or provide any timeline for reaching such an agreement with another jurisdiction.

Currently, only the onlinepoker network from Caesars/888, operational in Nevada, New Jersey, and Delaware, shares online liquidity. Caesars is Nevada’s only iPoker operator, while New Jersey has three.

Michigan’s SB 991 is supported by both the state gaming control board and Flutter Entertainment, the parent of PokerStars. PokerStars is live in New Jersey and is currently the only onlinepoker site live in Pennsylvania. It’s likely to be the first poker platform in Michigan, but it’s unclear when iPoker will begin.

Online gambling launch coming in mere weeks

It’s looking like late December is when Michigan will see its first sportsbooks and casinos launch over the internet and on smartphones. It’s unclear if onlinepoker will begin on the first day the other online options become available. It took months for iPoker to join the online gambling mix in Pennsylvania.

SB 991, which cleared a full Senate vote nearly unanimously in early October, could find its way to Gov. Gretchen Whitmer’s desk and receive a signature by the end of the year. The law passing doesn’t mean PokerStars or any other onlinepoker operator could start pooling players with another U.S. state right away. It would likely take some time for the nuts and bolts of that arrangement to be hashed out. Pennsylvania still hasn’t allowed PokerStars to pool players with its sister site in New Jersey.


Michigan may move much more quickly than Pennsylvania, but interstate onlinepoker won’t be available right away. There were no details given about a timeline for actually having active interstate onlinepoker during Tuesday’s committee hearing on the legislation.

Interstate Online Gambling

One wild card in the whole process of allowing multi-jurisdictional onlinepoker is the U.S. Department of Justice. Under the Trump DOJ, the online gambling industry had concerns about potential enforcement of the 1961 Wire Act, a law that was re-interpreted during the Obama years in a way favorable to online gambling firms. With a Biden Administration set to take office in January, a federal crackdown on gambling industry activity taking place across state lines appears a non-concern. This could lead to Pennsylvania finally pursuing interstate onlinepoker, which its 2017 gambling expansion law allowed.

Michigan state Sen. Curtis Hertel, sponsor of SB 991, said Tuesday that “the only way it [online poker] really works is if you have a robust” player pool. For Hertel, there is no point to onlinepoker in Michigan if the platforms licensed by the state can’t share liquidity with their sister platforms elsewhere.

He’s right. Though the pandemic has been a big boost to onlinepoker in New Jersey, growth for the game lags behind other forms of online gambling. Liquidity is the name of the game.

Hertel’s bill would not allow any Michigan onlinepoker site to use a network that includes players located overseas. Sharing players internationally would still be prohibited for a regulated site.

Interstate Online Gambling Rules

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