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crap out

  • Take one leave one, a religious debate. Our Fallen Members. Sign in to follow this. Take one leave one, a religious debate.
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1. To lose on a roll of dice while playing craps (a gambling game). I had hoped to win some money tonight, but I crapped out pretty quickly.
2. rude slang Of a machine, to malfunction or break altogether. I'm afraid the blender is crapping out. It stopped working again today.She didn't come to the party because her car crapped out on the way here.

Take One Leave One Craps Game

3. rude slang To break one's commitment to someone or something. He said that he would go to the birthday party with us but then crapped out at the last minute.
4. rude slang To die. I felt so sick when I had food poisoning that I thought I was going to crap out.

crapped out

1. Exhausted. I had a long day at work, and I'm crapped out—any chance we can go out to dinner tomorrow night instead?

The auto take down of all bets where the casino would leave it unless seven out comes or the one roll bets are missed is a pain. The biggest issue I have is the miss numbers on a roll. There have numerous times I have rolled a 6 or other number and the dice clearly shows it that way, however the cpu calls a 7 out. The penny jar philosophy of convenience store checkout counters everywhere inspired Larry Littrell to stick a few flies to a gas pump in Oak Hill, FL. A tattered scrap of double-sided foam tape that once displayed a long-lost advertisement acted as a perfect makeshift fly patch. He didn’t expect that this one random gesture of.

2. Dead. Hold on, the batteries in the remote are crapped out, so we're stuck on this channel for now.
Farlex Dictionary of Idioms. © 2015 Farlex, Inc, all rights reserved.

crap out (of something)(on someone)

1.Sl. to withdraw from doing something with someone, unexpectedly, perhaps because of fear or cowardice. Are you going to crap out of this game on me?
Take
2.Sl. to quit doing something with someone or withdraw because of exhaustion. Don't crap out of this on me! Pull yourself together!Don't crap out on me!

crap out

(of something) (on someone)
1.Sl. to withdraw from doing something with someone, unexpectedly, perhaps because of fear or cowardice. Are you going to crap out of this game on me?
2.Sl. to quit doing something with someone or withdraw because of exhaustion. Don't crap out of this on me! Pull yourself together!Don't crap out on me!
One

crap out

Take One Leave One Craps Machine

(of something) to lose on a roll of the dice in a dice game called craps and leave the game and the other players. (See also crap out (of something)(on someone).) Wally crapped out of the game early in the evening.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

crap out

1. Back down, quit, When it got to the point of putting up some money, Jack crapped out. This expression originated in the game of craps, where it means to make a first throw (of the dice) of two, three, or twelve, thereby losing. [Slang; 1920s]
2. Go to sleep. This usage was military slang for sleeping during work hours or during a crap game. [Slang; c. 1940]
3. Die, as in He's really sick; he could crap out any time. This usage is less common than def. 1 or def. 2. [Slang; 1920s]
One
The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer. Copyright © 2003, 1997 by The Christine Ammer 1992 Trust. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

crap out

v.
1. To lose on a roll of dice when playing craps and leave the game: My first time playing craps, I placed my chips in the come box, rolled a 12, and crapped out.
2. Vulgar Slang To cease functioning; break down: My car crapped out on the freeway, and I had to get it towed.
3. Vulgar Slang To back out of doing something: They were supposed to go to the movies with me, but they crapped out at the last minute.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

crap out

1. in. to evade something; to chicken out (of something). (From dice, meaning to roll a seven when trying to make a point.) Now, don’t crap out on me at the last minute.
2. n. to fail; to break down. Great! My TV crapped out just when the game came on.

crapped (out)

mod. dead; finished. (Not prenominal. From dice, not from the other senses of crap.) After a serious encounter with a rattlesnake, my two dogs were crapped by dawn.
McGraw-Hill's Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Declawing of crabs is the process whereby one or both claws of a crab are manually detached before the return of the live crab to the water, as practiced in the fishing industry worldwide. Crabs commonly have the ability to regenerate lost limbs after a period of time, and thus declawing is viewed as a potentially more sustainable method of fishing.[1] Due to the time it takes for a crab to regrow lost limbs, however, whether or not the practice represents truly sustainable fishing is still a point of scientific inquiry, and the ethics of declawing are also subject to debates over pain in crustaceans.

While not always fatal, declawing can substantially alter the chances of a crab's survival in the wild.[2] Declawing is a controversial practice; some jurisdictions have banned it partially or completely, while others only allow the crab's claws to be harvested commercially.

Procedure[edit]

Declawing is done by hand. To ensure a clean break along the natural fracture plane, one finger is placed on the basal cheliped joint. A rapid and firm downward motion is then applied as the claw is fully extended, breaking the claw at the basi-ischum between the coxa at the base of the leg and the merus.[3]

Particularly for crabs whose whole bodies are not consumed by humans, declawing is an attractive practice. Claw removal can facilitate storage and transport of crab meat, eliminate cannibalism within storage tanks, and make handling easier for crew.[4]

Regulation[edit]

The regulations on crab fishing varies across the globe based on region and species of crab, and not all crabs caught are declawed. The United Kingdom prohibited declawing for 14 years, from 1986 to 2000.[5]

In the United States, different states have adopted a variety of measures regarding declawing. Regulations on the Alaskan king crab fishing industry do not make any mention of declawing, and implicitly assume the entire crab will be taken.[6] Some Gulf Coast states such as Florida[7] and Louisiana[8] prohibit the harvesting of whole stone crab, allowing for declawing only. In contrast, declawing Jonah crab in Maryland was banned after 2015 unless a vessel could prove it had historically conducted the practice and was registered in a state where the practice was allowed.[9]

Florida stone crab claws served as food. The Florida stone crab fishery routinely practices the declawing of crabs.

Sustainability[edit]

The central argument for declawing is that because crabs can regenerate lost limbs, it is inherently more sustainable than the capture of whole crabs.[10] Yet claws are a large portion of a crab's biomass, ranging from 20% to over 50% of some species' total weight, and thus regeneration can be highly energy- and time-consuming.[11]:207 The empirical occurrence of regenerated claws in fishery harvests is low, with studies on stone crabs calculating from less than 10% (Davis et al., 1978),[3] to 13% (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2011).[12] Larger, older crabs generally do not survive long enough to regrow their claws, as they are near the end of their lifespan.[3]

Effects of declawing[edit]

Crabs that survive the initial declawing face potential disadvantages in feeding, mating, and self-defense. The most immediate impact of declawing, however, is possible death. In an experiment using commercial techniques, 47% of Florida stone crabs that had both claws removed died after declawing, as did 28% of single-claw amputees. 76% of these casualties occurred within 24 hours of declawing.[3]

Declawing also affects the ability of a crab to feed, as crabs generally use their claws to facilitate the capture and consumption their prey. Declawed stone crabs are forced to scavenge as opposed to actively hunt and forage.[7] Stone crabs in controlled experimental settings still consumed the same amount of food, but altered their feeding habits after declawing, eating fish instead of bivalves, normally an important part of their diet in the wild, because bivalves must be opened with the crab's muscular claw.[1][13][3] Outside of experimental settings, where declawed crabs must actively compete for food, mortality from starvation poses a significant danger.[2][3]:7 Research on Jonah crabs by Carloni and Goldstein (2016) found that declawed individuals were much more likely to refuse food altogether.[14] Ultimately, different species of crabs respond in different ways to limb loss, with heterochelous crabs facing particular difficulties.[11]:205

Additionally, declawed crabs show significantly lower activity levels than negative controls, and may have difficulties attracting mates.[3] McCambridge, Dick, and Elwood (2016) demonstrated that brown crabs that had autotomized (detached their own claws) fared better in mating than manually declawed crabs, which were much less likely to successfully attract females.[15] Effects on mating appear to vary by species; studies on the green crab and the velvet crab demonstrate that the loss of limbs impair mating chances, but evidence of such an effect among the Atlantic blue crab is mixed.[11]:208–209

Pain and stress caused by declawing[edit]

Whether or not crustaceans are capable of feeling pain is a topic of ongoing scientific discussion and debate. It has been argued that because crabs can autotomize their claws, manual declawing along natural fracture planes might not cause pain. Patterson, Dick, and Elwood (2007), however, found that the declawing heightened physiological stress responses measured through analysis of haemolymph in declawed crabs more so than in autotomized ones.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ abLynsey Patterson; Jaimie T. A. Dick; Robert W. Elwood (2009). 'Claw removal and feeding ability in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus: implications for fishery practice'. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 116 (2): 302–305. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.08.007.
  2. ^ abQueen's University, Belfast (10 October 2007). 'Declawing crabs may lead to their death'. Science Daily. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  3. ^ abcdefgGary E. Davis; Douglas S. Baughman; James D. Chapman; Donald MacArthur; Alan C. Pierce (1978). Mortality associated with declawing stone crabs, Menippe mercenaria(PDF). US National Park Service. Report T-522.
  4. ^ abLynsey Patterson; Jaimie T. A. Dick; Robert W. Elwood (2007). 'Physiological stress responses in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus, to the fishery practice of de-clawing'. Marine Biology. 152 (2): 265–272. doi:10.1007/s00227-007-0681-5. S2CID85400101.
  5. ^'Crab Claws (Prohibition of Landing)(Revocation) Order 2000 (S.I. No. 1235 of 2000).'. Actof5 May 2000. Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  6. ^'Southeast Alaska Personal Use King Crab Fishery: Permits & Regulations'. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  7. ^ abFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 'Stone Crab FAQ'. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  8. ^Horst, Jerald (July 2004). 'Louisiana Stone Crab'. Louisiana State University. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  9. ^Maryland Register Vol. 34, No. 12. Proposed Action on Regulations, Title 08 Subtitle 02, Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Service: Notice of Proposed Action. 8 July 2016. https://services.statescape.com/ssu/Regs/ss_8587336159857509982.pdf.
  10. ^Carroll, Jay C.; Winn, Richard N. (December 1989). Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Brown rock crab, red rock crab, and yellow crab (Report). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A fishery based on the sale of claws only has been largely replaced by that of whole crabs in recent years, although claws remain a specialty item in many markets. The claws are taken from dead or dying crabs at the markets, and by fishermen who remove claws and return the de-clawed crab to the sea. Apparently, it is a common belief that, because crabs regenerate lost limbs, the practice of claw removal at sea contributes to the renewal of the resource. Avoidance of mortality, however, requires a clean separation at the fracture plane, which is difficult to obtain without damaging the body. In addition, regeneration of full-sized claws takes two to three molts (up to two years for large adult crabs). A claw fishery alone, nevertheless, results in less overall mortality than a whole-crab fishery.
  11. ^ abcJuanes, Francis; Smith, David L. (1995). 'The ecological consequences of limb damage and loss In decapod crustaceans: a review and prospectus'(PDF). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 193 (1–2): 197–223. doi:10.1016/0022-0981(95)00118-2. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  12. ^'Executive Summary of the 2011 Stock Assessment Update for the Stone Crab, Menippe spp., Fishery in Florida'. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  13. ^Duermit, Elizabeth; Kingsley-Smith, Peter R.; Wilber, Dara H. (3 September 2015). 'The Consequences of Claw Removal on Stone Crabs Menippe spp. and the Ecological and Fishery Implications'. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 35 (5): 895–905. doi:10.1080/02755947.2015.1064836.
  14. ^Carloni, Joshua, and Jason S. Goldstein. 'Claw removal and its impacts on survivorship and physiological stress inJonah crab (Cancer borealis) in New England waters.' Report submitted to the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. January 25, 2016. https://www.asmfc.org/uploads/file/56ba03f1AmLobsterTC_JonahCrabReport_Jan2016.pdf
  15. ^McCambridge, Claire; Dick, Jaimie T. A.; Elwood, Robert W. (1 December 2016). 'Effects of Autotomy Compared to Manual Declawing on Contests between Males for Females in the Edible Crab Cancer pagurus: Implications for Fishery Practice and Animal Welfare'. Journal of Shellfish Research. 35 (4): 1037–1044. doi:10.2983/035.035.0426. S2CID73607722.
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